Globally, more than three billion people still depend on food cooked over polluting open fires and inefficient stoves, using fuels such as wood, charcoal, coal, and kerosene. The toxic emissions from these cooking fires cause dramatic health, climate, economic, and environmental impacts, including some four million deaths each year. Women and girls, who are disproportionately affected, often spend hours each day cooking, inhaling toxic smoke, and gathering fuel. Cooking is also a leading cause of air pollution, responsible for up to 25 percent of outdoor air pollution in some countries.
Coconut Shell Charcoal has desirable characteristics as a clean cookstove fuel. It is non-smoky when burned, is not subject to organic decay, and is a concentrated form of energy; while coconut shell has a heating value of 5,535 kcal/kg, the charcoal made from it has a heating value of 7,200 kcal/kg (Paddon & Parker).
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